Myanmar (Burma) Emergency Appeal

The humanitarian situation in Rakhine State, Myanmar continues to deepen as ethnic violence between Rohingya Muslims and ethnic Rakhine Buddhists, which started in July 2012 continues to force Rohingya Muslims to flee their homes.

Despite the Government imposed curfew, the violence and conflict is on-going on a daily basis.  MH representatives on the ground in Rangoon, "There is now a very urgent and growing need of food and clothing for more than 100,000 people who have been forced from their homes. These destitute people are living in very dire conditions in over 60 camps in the Rakhine State".

Access to the affected Rohingya Muslims remains very limited for the aid organisations. The Muslim Hands Team in Rangoon is now coordinating with the government, and a cluster of local organisations that have access to the region and can distribute aid.

The current needs are;

  • Food and water
  • Clothing and other non-food items
  • Medical care
  • Shelter
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Background: Myanmar unrest

The Rohingya are a Muslim people who live in the Arakan region in western Myanmar, Bangladesh and along the Thai-Myanmar border. It is estimated (in 2012) that around 800,000 Rohingya live in Myanmar. According to the UN, they are one of the most marginalised and persecuted minorities in the world.

The Rohingya community is stateless, with no government that accepts them.  The Myanmar authorities stripped the Rohingya of their (then) Burmese citizenship in 1982, arguing that they are Bangladeshi. But the Bangladeshi government also does not accept the Rohingya as their citizens.

The 2012 Rakhine State riots are a series of on-going conflicts between Rohingya Muslims and ethnic Rakhine in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar. The riots came after weeks of sectarian tensions between the two groups and have been condemned by most people on both sides of the conflict.

According to Tun Khin, the President of the Burmese Rohingya Organisation UK (BROUK), as of 28 June, 650 Rohingyas have been killed, 1,200 are missing, and more than 80,000 have been displaced.  Over three hundred houses and a number of public buildings have also been burned and destroyed.

However, according to the Myanmar authorities only 78 people have been killed, 87 injured, and 52,000 people have displaced.